Shiloh Resort & Casino

Koi Nation Plans for Shiloh Resort & Casino in Sonoma County

The Koi Nation, one of the state’s federally recognized Native American tribes, has announced it has selected a 68-acre site in unincorporated Sonoma County to re-establish its tribal land base. The Koi have filed plans to build a resort and casino on the site, exercising their sovereign rights under federal law.

Shiloh Resort & Casino rendering courtesy of Koi Nation Sonoma

The property selection restores the Tribe’s ability to exercise its rights to self-governance and will provide a base for economic development that will sustain the Koi Nation’s independence within a few miles of its ancestral home.

“The Koi Nation has had to struggle harder than almost any other Tribe in California to re-establish our sovereignty,” said Darin Beltran, Tribal Chairman. “Despite this treatment, however, we have endured. It is time to exercise our rights as a federally recognized Tribe to have our own land and to control our own destiny.”

Koi Nation said it plans to build the Shiloh Resort & Casino on its property at 222 E. Shiloh Road.

The project will include a 2,500 Class III gaming machine facility, a 200-room hotel, six restaurant and food service areas, a meeting center and a spa. The design for the low-rise facility integrates with the natural beauty of the site and will be energy-efficient and respectful of the environment, in keeping with the Tribe’s historic relationship with the land.

The property will be designated as entirely non-smoking, respecting the health of patrons and workers alike.

The Koi Nation will build and operate the resort and casino under the 1988 federal Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), as well as the favorable ruling by the federal district court in Koi Nation v Zinke (2019) that recognized the tribe’s inherent rights. Koi Nation attorneys in Washington, D.C., have filed an application to place the land into trust with the federal government, making it eligible for gaming under the IGRA. The action will lead to an environmental review and public comment period to begin in 60 to 90 days, Beltran said.

The property site is just over 10 miles from the Tribe’s historic lands within California’s Pomo territory. It gives life to negotiated treaty rights dating from the 1850s, undoing decades of woeful federal mistreatment.

“This region, the historic home of our people, today has one of the highest costs of living in the world, meaning that 90% of our citizens are part of what are considered low-income households,” Beltran said. “By exercising our rights under the IGRA, we can build prosperity for our Tribe and make a real difference for our people today as well as for our children and the generations yet to come.”

Revenue from the planned resort and casino will enable the tribal government to become economically independent and provide a long-term income source supporting the needs of current and future generations of tribal citizens, Beltran added.

An Economic Engine for the Tribe and its Sonoma County Neighbors

Development of the resort and casino will create hundreds of jobs for workers in construction trades and other skilled laborers. When in full operation, the Shiloh Casino & Resort will employ more than 1,100 full-time workers and provide benefits for the entire Sonoma community. The Koi Nation anticipates that a portion of the resort’s revenues will be shared with the broader community through the support of local organizations as well as collaborating with local governments and community members to address their needs.

The Koi Nation has assembled a broad team of experts for its project, including Michael J. Anderson, Esq., a former senior BIA and Secretary of the Interior official for the Clinton Administration; Allyson Saunders, Esq., having extensive experience in tribal governance and economic development; and Dale Partners architects, an award-winning architectural firm.

Koi Nation’s Long Ties to the Region

The Koi Nation is one of the remaining groups of Pomo people who have remained landless for most of the last 150 years. Their ancient home was on an island in Clear Lake, on which they lived peacefully for thousands of years. Beginning with the arrival of colonists during the Gold Rush, the Tribe’s people were exploited both as slaves and as cheap labor. In 1871, their homes were burned to the ground by settlers who had seized land in the area; as a result, the Koi Pomo then came to live in communities along the Russian River Valley from Sebastopol to Clear Lake.

In 1916, the United States government attempted to relegate the tribe to a small rancheria near Clear Lake. This land was determined by BIA to be uninhabitable and could not support the Koi community. As a result, in 1918 the Koi captains (spiritual leaders) Tom Johnson and his brother John Johnson led their community to Sebastopol and Santa Rosa. For more than a 100 years, the Koi’s political and spiritual leadership have called Sebastopol and Santa Rosa home.

Although uninhabited, the Lower Lake Rancheria was terminated in 1956, which also mistakenly terminated the federal government’s relationship with the Koi Nation.

Against this historic backdrop of injustice, for another 50 years, the United States would continue to deny the Koi Nation its right of sovereign recognition and land, and the Koi people their rights as tribal citizens. The Koi Nation was forced to wage an expensive and lengthy battle in federal court until it was finally vindicated in 2019 when the court restored both the Tribe’s recognition and its consequent rights as a tribal entity, including the right to establish a sovereign land base.

“With this land and the Shiloh Resort & Casino, we are taking long overdue steps to preserve our cultural and historic integrity and secure a brighter future for coming generations,” Beltran said. “At the same time, our success will also benefit the communities in the region where our people have lived for thousands of years. We are confident the community will support us as we seek to restore our independence and exercise our rights as Native Americans.”

Koi Nation Shiloh Resort and Casino Project Team Members

Michael Anderson
Michael Anderson is the owner of Anderson Indian Law in Washington, DC. He has represented American Indian tribal governments for over twenty years. Before private practice, Mr. Anderson served in a variety of official positions including General Counsel to the United States Senate Special Committee on Investigations, Associate Solicitor for Indian Affairs and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior. In 2009, Mr. Anderson was named by Global Gaming Business Magazine as one of the top ten most influential people in gaming and in 2019 the Native American Bar Association awarded Mr. Anderson its Lifetime Achievement Award.  Mr. Anderson has been lead counsel or co-counsel to a number of tribes successfully seeking gaming eligibility in California through the restored land process, including the Mechoopda tribe, the Chukchansi tribe, and the Ione Band of Miwok.

Allyson Saunders
Allyson Saunders is the principle at Saunders Law in Los Angeles. She has extensive experience in the area of Tribal governance and economic development. She advises tribes, tribal economic development entities and developers as outside special and general counsel. She is experienced in all aspects of economic development on Indian lands, emphasizing in the negotiation, financing and construction of complex real estate, casino and resort developments, as well as financing transactions in connection with such developments. Ms. Saunders has extensive experience in drafting and negotiating construction contracts and construction-related agreements, as well as loan agreements, offering memoranda and all forms of financing-related agreements; practice has included representation of owners, underwriters, institutional lenders, developers, and retail and office landlords in connection with sophisticated real estate and finance transactions both on and off Indian lands.

Dale Partners Architects
Dale Partners Architects, P.A. is a full service architectural firm working nationwide. The firm listens carefully to each client’s unique needs and visions and provides creative design solutions based on those conversations and design excellence. The firm has extensive experience in hospitality and gaming, working nationally for National Gaming Experience,  Caesars Entertainment, Torguson Gaming Group, Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation, TCI Investments, MGM,  Seminole Gaming Development, Creek Indian Enterprises, and others. The firm is the recipient of nearly 100 design awards including a “Top Design Firm” distinction.